Unauthorized Immigration and Electoral Outcomes
45 Pages Posted: 16 Jan 2015
Date Written: December 1, 2014
Using a unique methodology for identifying undocumented workers across counties in the state of Georgia in the United States, we find a negative relationship between the share of unauthorized workers and the share of votes going to the Democrats in elections. Furthermore, we show that this effect is more pronounced for the presence of unauthorized immigrants than Hispanics; is stronger in counties with higher median household income; and is substantively larger in U.S. Congressional elections than Gubernatorial or Senatorial elections. We discuss which political economy theories are most consistent with this set of findings.
Keywords: voting behavior, ethnic threat, economic threat, unauthorized, undocumented, illegal, immigration
JEL Classification: D27, P16, D63, J23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation