Understanding Organizational Commitment: A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Roles of the Five-Factor Model of Personality and Culture

Journal of Applied Psychology, 100 (5), 1542-1567, 2015

Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 15-070

26 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2015 Last revised: 16 Dec 2016

See all articles by Daejeong Choi

Daejeong Choi

University of Melbourne

In‐Sue Oh

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management

Amy Colbert

University of Iowa

Date Written: January 16, 2015

Abstract

We examined the relationships between the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality traits and three forms of organizational commitment (affective, normative, and continuance commitment) and their variability across individualistic and collectivistic cultures. Meta-analytic results based on 55 independent samples from 50 studies (N=18,262) revealed that (a) all FFM traits had positive relationships with affective commitment; (b) all FFM traits had positive relationships with normative commitment; and (c) Emotional Stability, Extraversion, and Openness to Experience had a negative relationships with continuance commitment. In particular, Agreeableness was found to be the trait most strongly related to both affective and normative commitment. The results also showed that Agreeableness had stronger relationships with affective and normative commitment in collectivistic cultures than in individualistic cultures. We provide theoretical and practical implications of these findings for personality, job attitudes, and employee selection and retention.

Keywords: Five-Factor Model of personality; organizational commitment; national culture

Suggested Citation

Choi, Daejeong and Oh, In-Sue and Colbert, Amy, Understanding Organizational Commitment: A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Roles of the Five-Factor Model of Personality and Culture (January 16, 2015). Journal of Applied Psychology, 100 (5), 1542-1567, 2015; Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 15-070. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2550767

Daejeong Choi

University of Melbourne ( email )

In-Sue Oh (Contact Author)

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

1801 Liacouras Walk
Alter Hall 343
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.fox.temple.edu/mcm_people/in-sue-oh/

Amy Colbert

University of Iowa ( email )

341 Schaeffer Hall
Iowa City, IA 52242-1097
United States

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