Why People Harm the Organization and Its Members: Relationships Among Personality, Organizational Commitment, and Workplace Deviance

Human Performance 2016, 29 (1), pp. 1-15, 2016

Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 16-012

36 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2015 Last revised: 16 Dec 2016

See all articles by Russell P. Guay

Russell P. Guay

University of Northern Iowa

Daejeong Choi

University of Melbourne

In‐Sue Oh

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management

Marie S. Mitchell

University of Georgia

Michael Mount

University of Iowa - Department of Management & Organizations

Kang-Hyun Shin

Ajou University

Date Written: January 16, 2015

Abstract

Based on the Five-Factor Model of personality traits and social exchange theory, this study examines the relationships of personality traits, organizational commitment, and two target-based factors of workplace deviance (organizational deviance and interpersonal deviance), using a sample of 113 South Korean employees. By the use of path-analysis, we first found that Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Emotional Stability were meaningfully related to organizational commitment. In addition, both the effect of Conscientiousness on organizational deviance and the effect of Agreeableness on interpersonal deviance were partially mediated by organizational commitment. In sum, results clearly show that the personality traits of Conscientiousness (impersonal) and Agreeableness (interpersonal) function differently in predicting workplace deviance.

Keywords: Personality, Disposition, Organizational Commitment, Workplace Deviance, Social Exchange Theory

Suggested Citation

Guay, Russell P. and Choi, Daejeong and Oh, In-Sue and Mitchell, Marie S. and Mount, Michael and Shin, Kang-Hyun, Why People Harm the Organization and Its Members: Relationships Among Personality, Organizational Commitment, and Workplace Deviance (January 16, 2015). Human Performance 2016, 29 (1), pp. 1-15, 2016; Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 16-012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2550810

Russell P. Guay

University of Northern Iowa

Daejeong Choi

University of Melbourne ( email )

In-Sue Oh (Contact Author)

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

1801 Liacouras Walk
Alter Hall 343
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.fox.temple.edu/mcm_people/in-sue-oh/

Marie S. Mitchell

University of Georgia

No Address Available

Michael Mount

University of Iowa - Department of Management & Organizations ( email )

IA
United States

Kang-Hyun Shin

Ajou University

Woncheon-dong, Yeongtong-gu
Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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