Why People Harm the Organization and Its Members: Relationships Among Personality, Organizational Commitment, and Workplace Deviance
Human Performance 2016, 29 (1), pp. 1-15, 2016
36 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2015 Last revised: 16 Dec 2016
Date Written: January 16, 2015
Based on the Five-Factor Model of personality traits and social exchange theory, this study examines the relationships of personality traits, organizational commitment, and two target-based factors of workplace deviance (organizational deviance and interpersonal deviance), using a sample of 113 South Korean employees. By the use of path-analysis, we first found that Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Emotional Stability were meaningfully related to organizational commitment. In addition, both the effect of Conscientiousness on organizational deviance and the effect of Agreeableness on interpersonal deviance were partially mediated by organizational commitment. In sum, results clearly show that the personality traits of Conscientiousness (impersonal) and Agreeableness (interpersonal) function differently in predicting workplace deviance.
Keywords: Personality, Disposition, Organizational Commitment, Workplace Deviance, Social Exchange Theory
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation