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Towards Multilateral Standards for Surveillance Reform

Oxford Internet Institute Discussion Paper, January 2015

40 Pages Posted: 18 Jan 2015  

Ian Brown

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Morton H. Halperin

Open Society Foundations (OSF)

Ben Hayes

Independent

Ben Scott

Independent

Mathias Vermeulen

European University Institute

Date Written: January 5, 2015

Abstract

Edward Snowden’s revelations about the mass surveillance capabilities of the United States’ National Security Agency and its partners have created a unique opportunity to work towards the adoption of multilateral human rights-compliant standards for government surveillance conducted against nationals of other countries. This paper attempts to map a path toward new international standards for foreign intelligence collection, in order to achieve increased transparency, control and oversight of national surveillance practices. We provide a basic comparison of the legal frameworks governing foreign surveillance law in the US and selected EU Member States, and set out the applicable international human rights law and major reform initiatives in as far as they relate to foreign surveillance and its oversight. We attempt to identify key issues relevant to all signals intelligence reform efforts and to provide an analytical framework to guide the development of new standards and realistic options for reform.

Keywords: surveillance, interception, signals intelligence, international human rights law, FISA, FISA Amendments Act, European Convention on Human Rights, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, privacy, sovereignty

JEL Classification: H77, K33, K42, L50, L96, O33, O38

Suggested Citation

Brown, Ian and Halperin, Morton H. and Hayes, Ben and Scott, Ben and Vermeulen, Mathias, Towards Multilateral Standards for Surveillance Reform (January 5, 2015). Oxford Internet Institute Discussion Paper, January 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2551164

Ian Brown (Contact Author)

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute ( email )

1 St. Giles
University of Oxford
Oxford, OX1 3JS
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/people/?id=117

Morton H. Halperin

Open Society Foundations (OSF) ( email )

224 West 57th Street
New York, NY 10019
United States

Ben Hayes

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Ben Scott

Independent ( email )

Mathias Vermeulen

European University Institute ( email )

Villa Schifanoia
133 via Bocaccio
Firenze (Florence), Tuscany 50014
Italy

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