Post-Second World War Hungarian Criminal Justice and International Law – The Legacy of the People's Tribunals

The Historical Origins of International Criminal Law - Vol. II., Morten Bergsmo, Cheah Wui Ling and Yi Ping eds., Torkel Opsahl, 2014, pp. 735-763

30 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2015 Last revised: 31 Dec 2016

See all articles by Tamás Hoffmann

Tamás Hoffmann

Corvinus University of Budapest; Hungarian Academy of Sciences CSS Institute for Legal Studies

Date Written: August 17, 2014

Abstract

This contribution aims to introduce the organization and jurisprudence of a post-Second World War Hungarian special tribunal that was established to try Hungarian war criminals. Relying in part on public international law, the People's Tribunals conducted probably the very first criminal proceedings in the history of international criminal justice for the crime of aggression, convicting former prime ministers, cabinet members and members of parliament. Moreover, the Hungarian tribunals created a special category of crimes - crimes against the people - that could be seen as a domestic version of crimes against humanity.

Keywords: International criminal law, crimes against peace, crime of aggression, war crimes, domestic war crimes proceedings

JEL Classification: K14, K33

Suggested Citation

Hoffmann, Tamás, Post-Second World War Hungarian Criminal Justice and International Law – The Legacy of the People's Tribunals (August 17, 2014). The Historical Origins of International Criminal Law - Vol. II., Morten Bergsmo, Cheah Wui Ling and Yi Ping eds., Torkel Opsahl, 2014, pp. 735-763. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2551293

Tamás Hoffmann (Contact Author)

Corvinus University of Budapest ( email )

Hungary

Hungarian Academy of Sciences CSS Institute for Legal Studies ( email )

Orszaghaz u 30.
Budapest, 1015
Hungary

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