The Illegal Dumping of Waste in Forest Areas - Evidence from Rural Territory
Lamasanu, A., Mihai, F.-C., 2012: The Illegal Dumping of Waste in Forest Areas - Evidence from Rural Territory. In: Proceedings of the International Conference Integrated Management of Environmental Resources - Suceava, November 4-6th, 2011. Editura Universitatii „Stefan cel Mare” Suceava, Romania
5 Pages Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Date Written: 2012
Household waste generated is often uncolleted in rural areas causing various types of pollution like: air and water pollution, soil pollution and the aesthetic degradation of the landscape. The environmental legislation proposed by the European Union was transposed on the national legislation but the implementation process was difficult because of particular situations encountered in practice. Rudimentary infrastructure of waste management and limited access to waste collection services lead to uncontrolled household waste disposal. In this context, the geographical location of rural settlements influences the way of waste disposal either on river banks or open dumps placed on roadsides or forest areas with various environmental implications.
Those, forest areas in the proximity of human settlements or recreation areas become vulnerable to waste pollution. Even if local authorities are obliged to provide waste collection facilities since July 16, 2009 the illegal dumping of waste in forests is still present. This situation is reflected by field observations from Suceava and Neamt counties. Usually forest areas affected by uncontrolled waste disposal are located in hilly regions or subcarpathian areas. The degradation of these areas is visible and this can have a negative influence not only on the environment but also on tourism activities.
Keywords: waste management, forest areas, uncontrolled waste disposal
JEL Classification: R52, R58, O20, Q20, H70, K32, L98
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