26 Pages Posted: 22 Jan 2015 Last revised: 1 Aug 2017
Date Written: January 20, 2015
During the 20th Century, the competing ideals and methodologies of the Integrationist and Black Power movements took center stage in African American's quest for social justice and racial equality. There has long been an assumption that the Civil Rights Movement and appeals for integration and to the moral character of whites lead to sweeping social change around issues of race in America. The counter-narrative is that demands for black power forced the hand of the white power structure, that there would be no civil rights without the threat of black power. In his comic book, The X-Men, Stan Lee has taken up this metaphor over the course of several decades. In this work, the author explores this metaphor in an attempt to answer the question: which approach got it right--Magneto or Professor Xavier, Black Power or Integrationism?
Keywords: Race, Black Power, Civil Rights, Comics, X-men
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Parks, Gregory Scott, 'A Choice of Weapons': The X-Men and the Metaphor of Black Power versus Integrationism (January 20, 2015). Indiana Law Journal, Vol. 92, 2016; Wake Forest Univ. Legal Studies Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2552983 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2552983