Everyday Survival, Everyday Struggle: Fighting Against Hunger in South Asia
14 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2015
Date Written: January 22, 2015
The Global Hunger Index Report, 2014 indicates that the hunger is highest in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia and the irony is that it is more rampant among people who are the producers of food. The report also noted that the 'hidden hunger' or the deficiency of micro-nutrients, is much prevalent in Africa, South of the Sahara and the South Asian Continent. In the 21st century when the civilization boasts of its technology, development, and fast paced advancements why so many people are starving? Does hunger persists due to famine, flood or other natural disasters or is it a manmade disaster? Is hunger a part of larger agricultural crisis that is aggravating farmer suicides and causing starvation deaths across the continent? Why after decades of independence, people in South Asia are hungry? What is the role of state in providing food to its starving citizens? This essay looks at the issue of hunger in South Asia and examines the manner in which ordinary people are fighting against it. It argues that hunger is manmade phenomenon and is inextricably linked to ecological imbalance created due to faulty policies adopted by the governments across the continent. To combat hunger the need is to create an alternate paradigm which focus on food sovereignty, decentralized decision making and control of people rather than markets over production, distribution and consumption of food. The right to food must be comprehensively construed to address the structural roots of hunger.
Keywords: Hunger, South Asia, India, Survival, Globalization, Right to Food, Inequalities, Socio-economic rights, poor, poverty, farmers, farmer suicide, citizens, state, starvation, hungry citizens, agricultural crisis
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