Gender Inequality and Growth: The Case of Rich vs. Poor Countries

31 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Mohammad Amin

Mohammad Amin

World Bank - Enterprise Analysis Unit

Veselin Kuntchev

The World Bank

Martin Schmidt

University of Maryland, College Park

Date Written: January 1, 2015

Abstract

This paper uses cross-section data for 107 countries to explore the relationship between gender inequality and economic growth. The paper departs from the literature by using a broad measure of gender inequality that goes well beyond gender inequality in education, which has been the focus of most studies. Another novelty of the paper lies in exploring heterogeneity in the growth-gender inequality relationship. The results confirm that greater gender inequality is strongly associated with lower economic growth. However, this negative relationship between gender inequality and growth is entirely due to the relatively poor countries, with the relatively rich countries showing no such relationship. The findings have important implications for the design and targeting of gender-specific policies.

Keywords: Economic Forecasting, Gender and Economics, Economic Policy, Institutions and Governance, Gender and Economic Policy, Macroeconomic Management, Gender and Poverty, Economics and Gender, Governance Diagnostic Capacity Building

Suggested Citation

Amin, Mohammad and Kuntchev, Veselin and Schmidt, Martin, Gender Inequality and Growth: The Case of Rich vs. Poor Countries (January 1, 2015). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7172. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2554139

Mohammad Amin

World Bank - Enterprise Analysis Unit ( email )

2121 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Veselin Kuntchev

The World Bank ( email )

Washington, DC 20433
United States

Martin Schmidt

University of Maryland, College Park ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

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