Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya

73 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2015  

Esther Duflo

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics; Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD)

Pascaline Dupas

Stanford University

Michael Kremer

Harvard University - Department of Economics; Brookings Institution; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Center for Global Development; Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2015

Abstract

A seven-year randomized evaluation suggests education subsidies reduce adolescent girls’ dropout, pregnancy, and marriage but not sexually transmitted infection (STI). The government’s HIV curriculum, which stresses abstinence until marriage, does not reduce pregnancy or STI. Both programs combined reduce STI more, but cut dropout and pregnancy less, than education subsidies alone. These results are inconsistent with a model of schooling and sexual behavior in which both pregnancy and STI are determined by one factor (unprotected sex), but consistent with a two-factor model in which choices between committed and casual relationships also affect these outcomes.

Keywords: education, fertility, HIV, Kenya, pregnancy

JEL Classification: I12, I25, I38, O12

Suggested Citation

Duflo, Esther and Dupas, Pascaline and Kremer, Michael, Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya (January 2015). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP10338. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2554412

Esther Duflo (Contact Author)

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Pascaline Dupas

Stanford University ( email )

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Michael R. Kremer

Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Brookings Institution

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