73 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2015
Date Written: January 2015
A seven-year randomized evaluation suggests education subsidies reduce adolescent girls dropout, pregnancy, and marriage but not sexually transmitted infection (STI). The governments HIV curriculum, which stresses abstinence until marriage, does not reduce pregnancy or STI. Both programs combined reduce STI more, but cut dropout and pregnancy less, than education subsidies alone. These results are inconsistent with a model of schooling and sexual behavior in which both pregnancy and STI are determined by one factor (unprotected sex), but consistent with a two-factor model in which choices between committed and casual relationships also affect these outcomes.
Keywords: education, fertility, HIV, Kenya, pregnancy
JEL Classification: I12, I25, I38, O12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Duflo, Esther and Dupas, Pascaline and Kremer, Michael, Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya (January 2015). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP10338. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2554412
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File name: DP10338.
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