European Regional Approaches to the Transboundary Conservation of Biodiversity: The Bern Convention and the EU Birds and Habitats Directives

Kotze L. & Marauhn T. (eds.), Transboundary Governance of Biodiversity, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 2014, pp. 128-162.

28 Pages Posted: 26 Jan 2015

See all articles by Arie Trouwborst

Arie Trouwborst

Tilburg University - Department of European & International Public Law; Tilburg Sustainability Center

Floor Fleurke

Tilburg University

Date Written: 2014

Abstract

In Europe, species and ecosystems struggle to cope with severe human pressures in heavily fragmented landscapes extending across a large number of comparatively small states. This makes the conservation of European biodiversity a challenging enterprise, and the need for transboundary cooperation particularly great. This chapter introduces and analyzes the two principal international legal regimes aimed at the conservation of biological diversity in Europe at a transboundary level. The first of these is the Council of Europe’s Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention) of 1979. The second regime is composed by two legal instruments of the European Union (EU), the Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds (Birds Directive) of 1979 and the Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora (Habitats Directive) of 1992. Particular emphasis is given to those features which set these instruments apart from other global and regional nature conservation regimes.

Keywords: Birds Directive, Habitats Directive, Bern Convention on European Wildlife Conservation, biodiversity, law

Suggested Citation

Trouwborst, Arie and Fleurke, Floor, European Regional Approaches to the Transboundary Conservation of Biodiversity: The Bern Convention and the EU Birds and Habitats Directives (2014). Kotze L. & Marauhn T. (eds.), Transboundary Governance of Biodiversity, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 2014, pp. 128-162., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2554449

Arie Trouwborst (Contact Author)

Tilburg University - Department of European & International Public Law ( email )

Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Tilburg Sustainability Center ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, North Brabant 5000 LE
Netherlands

Floor Fleurke

Tilburg University ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, DC Noord-Brabant 5000 LE
Netherlands

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