Who's Favored by Evaluative Voting ? An Experiment Conducted During the 2012 French Presidential Election
28 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2015
Date Written: November 2014
Under evaluative voting, the voter freely grades each candidate on a numerical scale, with the winning candidate being determined by the sum of the grades they receive. This paper compares evaluative voting with the two-round system, reporting on an experiment, conducted during the 2012 French presidential election, which attracted 2,340 participants. Here we show that the two-round system favors “exclusive” candidates, that is candidates who elicit strong feelings, while evaluative rules favor “inclusive” candidates, that is candidates who attract the support of a large span of the electorate. These differences are explained by two complementary reasons: the opportunity for the voter to support several candidates under evaluative voting rules, and the specific pattern of strategic voting under the two-round voting rule.
Keywords: Voting, In Situ Experiment, Evaluative Voting, Approval Voting, Two-round system
JEL Classification: D72, C93
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation