Sleep Deprivation and False Memories

9 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2015

See all articles by Steven J. Frenda

Steven J. Frenda

University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior

Lawrence Patihis

University of Southern Mississippi

Elizabeth F. Loftus

University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior; University of California, Irvine School of Law

Holly Lewis

Northern Illinois University, School of Psychology

Kimberly Fenn

Michigan State University - Department of Psychology

Date Written: 2014

Abstract

Many studies have investigated factors that affect susceptibility to false memories. However, few have investigated the role of sleep deprivation in the formation of false memories, despite overwhelming evidence that sleep deprivation impairs cognitive function. We examined the relationship between self-reported sleep duration and false memories and the effect of 24 hr of total sleep deprivation on susceptibility to false memories. We found that under certain conditions, sleep deprivation can increase the risk of developing false memories. Specifically, sleep deprivation increased false memories in a misinformation task when participants were sleep deprived during event encoding, but did not have a significant effect when the deprivation occurred after event encoding. These experiments are the first to investigate the effect of sleep deprivation on susceptibility to false memories, which can have dire consequences.

Keywords: false memory, sleep deprivation, sleep, misinformation, suggestibility

Suggested Citation

Frenda, Steven J. and Patihis, Lawrence and Loftus, Elizabeth F. and Lewis, Holly and Fenn, Kimberly, Sleep Deprivation and False Memories (2014). Psychological Science, Vol. 25, No. 9, 2014; UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-14. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2554561

Steven J. Frenda (Contact Author)

University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior ( email )

4201 Social & Behavioral Sciences Gateway
University of California, Irvine
Irvine, CA 92697-7085
United States

Lawrence Patihis

University of Southern Mississippi ( email )

Hattiesburg, MS 39406
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.usm.edu/psychology/faculty/lawrence-patihis

Elizabeth F. Loftus

University of California, Irvine - Department of Psychology and Social Behavior ( email )

4201 Social & Behavioral Sciences Gateway
University of California, Irvine
Irvine, CA 92697-7085
United States

University of California, Irvine School of Law

401 E. Peltason Dr.
Ste. 1000
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States

Holly Lewis

Northern Illinois University, School of Psychology ( email )

1425 W. Lincoln Hwy
Dekalb, IL 60115-2828
United States

Kimberly Fenn

Michigan State University - Department of Psychology ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48823
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
194
rank
152,798
Abstract Views
2,039
PlumX Metrics