Public Health Measures and Child Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Accessing the Impact of the Millennium Development Goal
19 Pages Posted: 26 Jan 2015
Date Written: January 25, 2015
The study investigates the role of public health measures on child health in developing Africa for the period 1990-2013 using a dynamic panel approach. Among others, the study examines the effect of millennium development intervention programme on child health outcomes. Our analysis reveals MDG intervention as extremely pertinent in reducing the incidence of child mortality in Africa. It implies that introduction of MDGs culminates into increasing the rate of child survival in Africa. Similarly, maternal literacy, maternal health and other child protective measures adopted were found to be statistically significant in improving child health outcomes. The proportion of under-five mortality (proxy for child health) responds more strongly and negatively to immunization coverage, exclusive breastfeeding and DPT vaccines. On the other hand, the quality of institution contributively impact under-five mortality in Africa. Finally, there is need to strengthen institutional arrangement, ensure compulsory basic education for women and strengthen the health system to achieve full packages of intervention, curtain the rising incidence of child deaths and attain the MDGs.
Keywords: Millennium Development Goals, Mortality rate, Sub-Saharan Africa
JEL Classification: N17, H51, O01
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation