Optimal Targeting of Advertisement for New Products with Multiple Consumer Segments

International Journal of Research in Marketing, 32 (3), Forthcoming

30 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2015 Last revised: 1 Feb 2015

Vijay Ganesh Hariharan

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Business Economics

Debabrata Talukdar

State University of New York at Buffalo - School of Management

Changhyun Kwon

University of South Florida

Date Written: January 26, 2015

Abstract

Armed with improved targeting technology, firms are increasingly interested in optimizing their advertising dollars through consumer segment-specific targeting, particularly while introducing new products. That task becomes especially important in markets with distinct consumer segments – the early market and the main market – that affect each other’s adoption behavior. In this study, in contrast to prior normative studies that assume a single-segment market structure, we derive dynamic optimal advertising and segment-specific targeting strategies for firms facing a two-segment market structure. We allow for mutual demand interactions between the two segments, and for the diffusion parameters, advertising sensitivity, and cost of targeting to differ across the segments. We model the effect of advertising as a logarithmic function that accounts for diminishing marginal returns. Among our key findings: From profit optimization perspective, our two-segment model outperforms the single-segment model under multiple diffusion dynamics contexts – especially for the ‘bimodal chasm’ and the ‘early dip followed by bell-shaped’ type diffusion patterns – even when the cost of targeting the early market is relatively high. Our numerical analyses indicate that the optimal share of advertisement targeted to the early market segment at launch needs to be much higher than the share of the early market segment in the population. Advertising sensitivity, relative cost of targeting the early market, and the proportion of early market consumers in the population have the greatest effects on the optimal time to transition the targeted advertising spending from the early to the main market segment.

Keywords: new product diffusion; advertisement; targeting; social contagion; dynamic optimization

Suggested Citation

Hariharan, Vijay Ganesh and Talukdar, Debabrata and Kwon, Changhyun, Optimal Targeting of Advertisement for New Products with Multiple Consumer Segments (January 26, 2015). International Journal of Research in Marketing, 32 (3), Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2555682 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2555682

Vijay Ganesh Hariharan (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Business Economics ( email )

Netherlands

Debabrata Talukdar

State University of New York at Buffalo - School of Management ( email )

Jacobs Management Center
Buffalo, NY 14260
United States

Changhyun Kwon

University of South Florida ( email )

Tampa, FL 33620
United States

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