Individual Criminal Responsibility

in: Anne-Marie de Brouwer and Alette Smeulers (eds.), The Elgar Companion to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (Cheltenham UK, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015.

25 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2015

See all articles by Kai Ambos

Kai Ambos

University of Goettingen (Gottingen)

Stefanie Bock

University of Goettingen (Gottingen)

Date Written: 2015

Abstract

The paper analyses the case-law of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) with regard to individual criminal responsibility. After some brief considerations on Article 6 (1) of the ICTR Statute (which lists several modes of individual criminal liability), we assess the Tribunal’s approaches towards direct commission and participation in a joint criminal enterprise. Further, forms of secondary participation, that is, causing someone to commit a crime (planning, instigating, ordering) and forms of assistance (aiding and abetting) are analysed. A particular focus is laid on the special forms of participation in genocide, namely conspiracy, direct and public incitement and complicity. Last, but not least the highly relevant concept of superior responsibility is explained.

Suggested Citation

Ambos, Kai and Bock, Stefanie, Individual Criminal Responsibility (2015). in: Anne-Marie de Brouwer and Alette Smeulers (eds.), The Elgar Companion to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (Cheltenham UK, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2559021 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2559021

Kai Ambos (Contact Author)

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) ( email )

Platz der Göttinger Sieben 5
Göttingen, 37073
Germany

Stefanie Bock

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) ( email )

Platz der Göttinger Sieben 3
Göttingen, 37073
Germany

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