Benefit Corporation Legislation and the Emergence of a Social Hybrid Category
California Management Review, Vol. 57 No. 3, Spring 2015; (pp. 13-35) DOI: 10.1525/cmr.2015.57.3.13
37 Pages Posted: 5 Feb 2015 Last revised: 11 Oct 2017
Date Written: January 30, 2015
Previous research highlights the tensions that social hybrids face by spanning categories. This paper explores the emergence of legislation to support a new category for social hybrids, focusing on Benefit Corporation legislation in the United States. We present quantitative analysis of the state-level factors that make a state suitable for a social hybrid category (attractiveness for for-profit business and non-profits, existing social hybrid organizations, legislative intensity, political leanings) followed by qualitative analysis of the arguments marshaled for the creation of the Benefit Corporation legal form. Our findings raise important insights for research on social hybrids and suggest a range of practical implications.
Keywords: social hybrid organizations, public policy, legal aspects of business, nonprofits
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