The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Banking Globalization

55 Pages Posted: 12 Feb 2015

See all articles by Stijn Claessens

Stijn Claessens

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

Neeltje van Horen

Bank of England; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 12, 2015

Abstract

Although cross-border bank lending has fallen sharply since the crisis, extending our bank ownership database from 1995-2009 up to 2013 shows only limited retrenchment in foreign bank presence. While banks from OECD countries reduced their foreign presence (but still represent 89% of foreign bank assets), those from emerging markets and developing countries expanded abroad and doubled their presence. Especially advanced countries hit by a systemic crisis reduced their presence abroad, with far flung and relatively small investments more likely to be sold. Poorer and slower growing countries host fewer banks today, while large investments less likely expanded. Conversely, faster host countries’ growth and closeness to potential investors meant more entry. Lending by foreign banks locally grew more than cross-border bank claims did for the same home-host country combination, and each was driven by different factors. Altogether, our evidence shows that global banking is not becoming more fragmented, but rather is going through some important structural transformations with a greater variety of players and a more regional focus.

Keywords: foreign banks, financial globalization, global financial crisis, cross-border banking, financial fragmentation

JEL Classification: F21, F23, G21

Suggested Citation

Claessens, Stijn and van Horen, Neeltje, The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Banking Globalization (February 12, 2015). De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 459. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2564001 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2564001

Stijn Claessens (Contact Author)

Bank for International Settlements (BIS) ( email )

Centralbahnplatz 2
CH-4002 Basel
Switzerland

Neeltje Van Horen

Bank of England ( email )

Threadneedle Street
London, EC2R 8AH
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/research/Researchers/neeltje-van-horen

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

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