The Impact of Refugee Crises on Host Labor Markets: The Case of the Syrian Refugee Crisis in Turkey

27 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2015

See all articles by Yusuf Akgündüz

Yusuf Akgündüz

Utrecht University

Marcel van den Berg

Statistics Netherlands

Wolter H.J. Hassink

Utrecht University - Department of General Social Sciences; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

The civil war in Syria has culminated into major refugee crises in its neighboring countries. By the end of 2013 more than half a million people were seeking shelter in cities and refugee camps in Turkey. We analyze how the Syrian refugee influx in Turkey has affected food and housing prices, employment rates and internal migration patterns in regions of Turkey where refugees are being accommodated. Refugee camps are geographically concentrated near the Syrian border, which enables us to employ the rest of regional Turkey as control group with a difference-in-difference approach to analyze the impact on local economies. Our findings suggest that housing and to a lesser degree food prices increased, but employment rates of natives in various skill groups are largely unaffected. Incumbent natives appear to be staying put considering the limited migration out of the region, but there is a significant decline in internal migration into regions hosting refugees. Nevertheless, the decline in internal in-migration is less than a tenth of the refugee influx, implying that there is little evidence of refugees crowding out natives in local labor markets.

Keywords: refugees, employment, migration, inflation, regional economy, difference-in-difference

JEL Classification: F22, J61, R23

Suggested Citation

Akgündüz, Yusuf and van den Berg, Marcel and Hassink, Wolter H.J., The Impact of Refugee Crises on Host Labor Markets: The Case of the Syrian Refugee Crisis in Turkey. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8841. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2564974

Yusuf Akgündüz (Contact Author)

Utrecht University ( email )

Vredenburg 138
Utrecht, 3511 BG
Netherlands

Marcel Van den Berg

Statistics Netherlands ( email )

CBS-weg 11
Heerlen, Limburg 6412 EX
Netherlands

Wolter H.J. Hassink

Utrecht University - Department of General Social Sciences ( email )

Algemene Sociale Wetenschappen
Postbus 80.140
3508 TC Utrecht
Netherlands
+31 30 2531115 (Phone)
+31 30 2533992 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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