The Internal Market and the Four Freedoms
Common Market Law Review, 41:407-441, 2004
35 Pages Posted: 20 Feb 2015
Date Written: 2004
This article covers all four of the four fundamental freedoms enshrined in the EU Treaties (goods, persons, services and capital). Seven themes cutting across these freedoms are considered: whether they constitute fundamental rights; to what extent discrimination must be shown to establish a breach of one of the relevant provisions; whether export restrictions are sui generis; horizontal effect; measures internal to a Member State; the principles relating to justification; and whether there is convergence between the four freedoms.
Keywords: EU law; internal market; four freedoms; fundamental rights
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