Moving Media and Conflict Studies Beyond the CNN Effect

Review of International Studies, March 2016

19 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2016

See all articles by Eytan Gilboa

Eytan Gilboa

Bar-Ilan University

Maria Jumbert

International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO)

Jason Miklian

International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO); University of Oslo - Centre for Development and the Environment

Piers Robinson

University of Manchester

Date Written: March 3, 2016

Abstract

After the ‘CNN Effect’ concept was coined two decades ago, it quickly became a useful shorthand to understand media-conflict interactions. Although the connection has probably always been more complex than what was captured in this concept, current research even more so reflects the need to have updated mechanisms to better understand the complex contemporary environments of both media and conflict. There are growing numbers and types of media sources, and more nuanced interactions between media and conflict actors, policymakers and engaged publics from the local to the global and back. Understanding the impact of media reporting on conflict requires a new framework that is better equipped to understand the multi-level and hybrid media environments of contemporary conflicts. This paper provides a roadmap of how to systematically unpack this environment. It accounts for how different levels, interactions, and forms of news reporting shape conflicts and peacebuilding in local, national and regional contexts, and for how international responses interact with multiple media “narratives”. With these tools, comprehensive understandings of contemporary local to global media interactions can be incorporated into new research on peace and conflict.

Keywords: CNN Effect, Communication, Media Studies, New Media, Peace and Conflict Studies, Digital Media, Mass Communication, Political communication, Social Media, Conflict Management, News Media Ethics, Mass media, Mass Communication and New Media, Communication Studies, Social Conflicts and Media

JEL Classification: L96

Suggested Citation

Gilboa, Eytan and Jumbert, Maria and Miklian, Jason and Robinson, Piers, Moving Media and Conflict Studies Beyond the CNN Effect (March 3, 2016). Review of International Studies, March 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2567151

Eytan Gilboa

Bar-Ilan University ( email )

Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan, 52900
Israel

Maria Jumbert

International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) ( email )

Oslo
N-0260 Oslo
Norway

Jason Miklian (Contact Author)

International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) ( email )

Oslo
N-0260 Oslo
Norway

University of Oslo - Centre for Development and the Environment ( email )

P.O. Box 1116 Blindern
K1A 0G9
0317 Oslo
Norway

Piers Robinson

University of Manchester ( email )

Oxford Road
Manchester, M13 9PL
United Kingdom

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