Abstract

https://ssrn.com/abstract=2567647
 


 



Decomposing the Triple-Helix Synergy into the Regional Innovation Systems of Norway: Firm Data and Patent Networks


Øivind Strand


Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Inga A. Ivanova


Far Eastern Federal University - School of Business and Public Administration

Loet Leydesdorff


University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)

April 16, 2016


Abstract:     
The Triple Helix model of university-industry-government relations allows us to use mutual information among geographical, sectorial, and size distribution of firms to measure synergy at various geographical scales in a nation. In this paper we decompose the synergy in Triple Helix relations and analyze the decomposition at the county level. We use micro-level data for all Norwegian firms from 2002 to 2014. This provides new and more detailed insight into the factors explaining the previously reported variation in synergy at county level in Norway. Furthermore, we analyze the county and city level distributions of all national as well as USPTO granted patents with at least one Norwegian inventor. Co-inventor networks for Norwegian USPTO patents are visualized using Google maps. The counties with technology-dominated synergies and strong knowledge institutions have a higher level of international co-inventor networks. Sectorial and geographical networks characterize the oil and gas dominated county, Rogaland. In contrast the knowledge institution dominated county of Sør-Trøndelag has broader networks both with regard to sectors and geography. In the small industry dominated county of Møre og Romsdal with high synergy, the lack of international co-inventor network is striking. This might be interpreted as a sign of industrial lock-in. The use of both firm level and patent data together give a broader and more precise picture of the innovation systems under study. The firm level data is closely linked to the industry sector, whereas the patent data seem to be more linked to the knowledge infrastructure. The use of both national and international patent data also broadens the picture of the innovation activity of the nation.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 51

Keywords: triple helix, USPTO patents, regional innovation system, probabilistic entropy


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Date posted: February 21, 2015 ; Last revised: April 18, 2016

Suggested Citation

Strand, Øivind and Ivanova, Inga A. and Leydesdorff, Loet, Decomposing the Triple-Helix Synergy into the Regional Innovation Systems of Norway: Firm Data and Patent Networks (April 16, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2567647 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2567647

Contact Information

Øivind Strand (Contact Author)
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) ( email )
N-6009 Ålesund
Ålesund
Norway
Inga A. Ivanova
Far Eastern Federal University - School of Business and Public Administration ( email )
8 Suhanova St.
Vladivostok, 690950
Russia
Loet Leydesdorff
University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) ( email )
PO Box 15793
Amsterdam, 1001 NG
Netherlands
HOME PAGE: http://www.leydesdorff.net
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