Long-Term Health Effects of Vietnam-Era Military Service: A Quasi-Experiment Using Australian Conscription Lotteries

37 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2015

See all articles by David W. Johnston

David W. Johnston

Monash University

Michael A. Shields

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Peter Siminski

University of Wollongong - School of Economics

Abstract

This paper estimates the long-term health effects of Vietnam-Era military service using Australia's National conscription lotteries for identification. Our primary contribution is the quality and breadth of our health outcomes. We use several administrative sources, containing a near-universe of records on mortality (1994-2011), cancer diagnoses (1982-2008), and emergency hospital presentations (2005-2010). We also analyse a range of self-reported morbidity indicators (2006-2009). We find no significant long-term effects on mortality, cancer or emergency hospital visits. In contrast, we find significant detrimental effects on a number of morbidity measures. Hearing and mental health appear to be particularly affected.

Keywords: military service, health, conscription, Australia, Vietnam War

JEL Classification: H56, I10, I13

Suggested Citation

Johnston, David W. and Shields, Michael A. and Siminski, Peter, Long-Term Health Effects of Vietnam-Era Military Service: A Quasi-Experiment Using Australian Conscription Lotteries. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8852. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2568048

Michael A. Shields

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics ( email )

Victoria 3010, 3010
Australia
+61 3 8344 4656 (Phone)
+61 3 8344 6899 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Peter Siminski

University of Wollongong - School of Economics ( email )

Northfields Avenue
Wollongong, New South Wales 2522
Australia

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
23
Abstract Views
199
PlumX Metrics