Debating Multicultural Korea: Media Discourse on Migrants and Minorities in South Korea

48 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2015

See all articles by Joseph Yi

Joseph Yi

Hanyang University -- Political Science

Gowoon Jung

State University of New York (SUNY) - Sociology

Date Written: November 30, 2014

Abstract

Since the early 1990s, South Korea has experienced growing, public debate about migrants, minorities, and related government policies. Much of this ‘multicultural’ discourse occurs in the internet-based, cyber-media, which offer space for various producers, including mainstream media professionals, netizens, and resident foreigners. A prevailing discourse of victimhood is associated with small, ideologically homogeneous groups of media producers (mainstream media and nativist websites); in contrast, mixed and nuanced discourses are more common in large and heterogeneous, online communities, where users interact with a variety of viewpoints. Moreover, actors who are framed in non-negative terms — as neither xenophobes nor corrupt elites — serve as more effective brokers and bridges across various media. Most foreign-origin netizens are passive consumers of media discourse; but a few, active foreigners communicate effectively with both mainstream media and netizens and help to diversify the prevailing discourse. We find supportive evidence from a content analysis of 15 websites, supplemented with informant interviews and observations.

Keywords: South Korea, Migrants, Media, Public Sphere, Multicultural, Netizens

Suggested Citation

Yi, Joseph and Jung, Gowoon, Debating Multicultural Korea: Media Discourse on Migrants and Minorities in South Korea (November 30, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2568574 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2568574

Joseph Yi

Hanyang University -- Political Science ( email )

222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu
Seoul, 133-791
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Gowoon Jung (Contact Author)

State University of New York (SUNY) - Sociology ( email )

Albany, NY 12222
United States

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