Does Supply or Demand Drive the Credit Cycle? Evidence from Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe
62 Pages Posted: 23 Feb 2015
Date Written: January 2015
Countries in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) experienced a credit boom-bust cycle in the last decade. This paper analyzes the roles of demand and supply factors in explaining this credit cycle. Our analysis first focuses on a large sample of bank-level data on credit growth for the entire CESEE region. We complement this analysis by five case studies (Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, Poland, and Romania). Our results of the panel data analysis indicate that supply factors, on average and relative to demand factors, gained in importance in explaining credit growth in the post-crisis period. In the case studies, we find a similar result for Lithuania and Montenegro, but the other three case studies point to the fact that country experiences were heterogeneous.
Keywords: Credit booms, Montenegro, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Eastern Europe, Credit demand, Supply and demand, Panel analysis, Cross country analysis, Credit Supply, Disequilibrium Model., bank, banks, loans, capital, lending, equity, interest, foreign banks, deposits, banking, cds, inflation, subsidiaries, debt, return on equity, excess demand, bank size, liquid assets, capital adequacy, interest rates, reserve requirements, value, banking system, economic conditions, profitability, interest margin, banking sector, risk, financial leverage, capital flows, nonperforming loans, principal, subsidiary, banking systems, financial deepening, macroeconomic conditions, markets, industry, reserve r
JEL Classification: E32, E51, G10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation