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A Reputation Economy: Results from an Empirical Survey on Academic Data Sharing

28 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2015  

Benedikt Fecher

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Sascha Friesike

Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society

Marcel Hebing

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Stephanie Linek

German National Library of Economics

Armin Sauermann

Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society

Date Written: February 2015

Abstract

Academic data sharing is a way for researchers to collaborate and thereby meet the needs of an increasingly complex research landscape. It enables researchers to verify results and to pursuit new research questions with “old” data. It is therefore not surprising that data sharing is advocated by funding agencies, journals, and researchers alike. We surveyed 2661 individual academic researchers across all disciplines on their dealings with data, their publication practices, and motives for sharing or withholding research data. The results for 1564 valid responses show that researchers across disciplines recognise the benefit of secondary research data for their own work and for scientific progress as a whole — still they only practice it in moderation. An explanation for this evidence could be an academic system that is not driven by monetary incentives, nor the desire for scientific progress, but by individual reputation — expressed in (high ranked journal) publications. We label this system a Reputation Economy. This special economy explains our findings that show that researchers have a nuanced idea how to provide adequate formal recognition for making data available to others — namely data citations. We conclude that data sharing will only be widely adopted among research professionals if sharing pays in form of reputation. Thus, policy measures that intend to foster research collaboration need to understand academia as a reputation economy. Successful measures must value intermediate products, such as research data, more highly than it is the case now.

Keywords: Data sharing, research policy, reputation, science, survey research

JEL Classification: C81, D02, D23, L89

Suggested Citation

Fecher, Benedikt and Friesike, Sascha and Hebing, Marcel and Linek, Stephanie and Sauermann, Armin, A Reputation Economy: Results from an Empirical Survey on Academic Data Sharing (February 2015). DIW Berlin Discussion Paper No. 1454. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2568693 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2568693

Benedikt Fecher (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Sascha Friesike

Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society ( email )

Bebelplatz 1 | 10099
Berlin
Germany

Marcel Hebing

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Stephanie Linek

German National Library of Economics ( email )

Düsternbrooker Weg 120
Kiel, 24105
Germany

Armin Sauermann

Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society ( email )

Bebelplatz 1 | 10099
Berlin
Germany

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