Enforced Prostitution in International Law Through the Prism of the Dutch Temporary Courts Martial at Batavia

M. Bergsmo, Cheah W.L. and Yi P. (eds.) HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW (TOAEP, Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, 2014) 331-354.

24 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2015 Last revised: 4 Jan 2021

See all articles by Danny Friedmann

Danny Friedmann

Peking University School of Transnational Law; Peking University School of Transnational Law

Nina H.B. Jørgensen

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - Faculty of Law

Date Written: December 12, 2014

Abstract

The Judgments of the Temporary Courts Martial located in Batavia in the Dutch East Indies (now Jakarta, Indonesia), relating to wartime sexual violence, are a largely forgotten and understudied resource. However, they represent the first occasion in history when individual members of the military as well as civilian “brothel” owners were convicted of enforced prostitution as a violation of the laws and customs of war.

Keywords: International Law, International Criminal Law, Enforced Prostitution, Temporary Courts-Martial of Batavia, Temporaine krijgsraden in Batavia, 1946-1949, former Dutch East Indies

JEL Classification: K14, K33

Suggested Citation

Friedmann, Danny and Jørgensen, Nina H.B., Enforced Prostitution in International Law Through the Prism of the Dutch Temporary Courts Martial at Batavia (December 12, 2014). M. Bergsmo, Cheah W.L. and Yi P. (eds.) HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW (TOAEP, Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, 2014) 331-354., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2569174

Danny Friedmann (Contact Author)

Peking University School of Transnational Law ( email )

Peking Univ. Shenzhen Campus
University Town, Xili, Nanshan District
Shenzhen, 518055
China

HOME PAGE: http://stl.pku.edu.cn/faculty-2/danny-friedmann/

Peking University School of Transnational Law ( email )

China

HOME PAGE: http://ipdragon.org

Nina H.B. Jørgensen

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - Faculty of Law ( email )

6/F, Lee Shau Kee Building
Shatin, New Territories
Kowloon, Sha Tin
Hong Kong

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