Enforced Prostitution in International Law Through the Prism of the Dutch Temporary Courts Martial at Batavia
M. Bergsmo, Cheah W.L. and Yi P. (eds.) HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW (TOAEP, Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, 2014) 331-354.
24 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2015 Last revised: 4 Jan 2021
Date Written: December 12, 2014
The Judgments of the Temporary Courts Martial located in Batavia in the Dutch East Indies (now Jakarta, Indonesia), relating to wartime sexual violence, are a largely forgotten and understudied resource. However, they represent the first occasion in history when individual members of the military as well as civilian “brothel” owners were convicted of enforced prostitution as a violation of the laws and customs of war.
Keywords: International Law, International Criminal Law, Enforced Prostitution, Temporary Courts-Martial of Batavia, Temporaine krijgsraden in Batavia, 1946-1949, former Dutch East Indies
JEL Classification: K14, K33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation