The Effects of Educational Backgrounds on Relationship between Personality and Knowledge Retention of First Courses

26 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2015 Last revised: 5 Feb 2018

See all articles by Takeshi Nishii

Takeshi Nishii

Senshu University - Faculty of Commerce

Kohei Arai

Osaka Prefecture University

Takeyoshi Senoo

Wakayama University - Faculty of Economics

Date Written: August 30, 2016

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between student personality based on the Five Factors model, the extent to which they retained learning outcomes of a first course in accounting after completing the course, and their educational backgrounds (major at university, graduates of commercial high schools, and attendance to private preparatory schools for qualification examinations concerning accounting and bookkeeping). Data were collected from 121 students at two universities. The results found no significant direct relationships between the five personality traits and the extent to which learning outcomes were retained (i.e., academic performance). In addition, the effect of combined traits on performance was limited. However, some traits significantly influenced performance depending on educational background. This study contributes to knowledge on the complex relationship between academic performance, personality, and educational background. This study also contributes methodologically to prior literature by measuring personality and academic performance using new measures.

Keywords: Personality, Five Factors model, First course, Bookkeeping, Educational background

JEL Classification: M41, I20

Suggested Citation

Nishii, Takeshi and Arai, Kohei and Senoo, Takeyoshi, The Effects of Educational Backgrounds on Relationship between Personality and Knowledge Retention of First Courses (August 30, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2569573 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2569573

Takeshi Nishii (Contact Author)

Senshu University - Faculty of Commerce ( email )

2-1-1, Higashi-mita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki-shi
Kanagawa 214-8580
Japan

Kohei Arai

Osaka Prefecture University ( email )

1-1 Gakuencho
naka-ku
Sakai, 599-8531
Japan

Takeyoshi Senoo

Wakayama University - Faculty of Economics ( email )

930 Sakaedani
Wakayama, 640-8441
Japan

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