Syria's World Cultural Heritage and Individual Criminal Responsibility

International Review of Law 2015.3

37 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2015  

Marina Lostal

The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law

Date Written: January 27, 2015

Abstract

Recent reports have confirmed damage to five of the six Syrian world heritage sites during the current armed conflict as well as extensive looting of several of its archaeological sites on the Syrian Tentative List of world heritage. This article examines the role and fate of Syrian world cultural heritage from the beginning of the conflict, maps out the different cultural property obligations applicable to Syria while illustrating, where possible, how they may have been violated. Then, it assesses if and how those responsible for these acts can be prosecuted and punished. The analysis reveals an accountability gap concerning crimes against Syrian world cultural heritage. As such, the article proposes to reinstate the debate over crimes against common cultural heritage which once arose in the context of the Buddhas of Bamiyan.

Keywords: Syrian world cultural heritage, criminal accountability, Chautauqua Blueprint, Syrian Antiquities Law, Crimes against common cultural heritage

Suggested Citation

Lostal, Marina, Syria's World Cultural Heritage and Individual Criminal Responsibility (January 27, 2015). International Review of Law 2015.3. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2569645

Marina Lostal (Contact Author)

The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law ( email )

Stamkartplein 40
Hague
Netherlands

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