Multiculturalism and Muslim Accommodation: What Reaction Among the Mainstream?
Paper presented at "Causes and Consequences of Immigration and Citizenship Policies" conference, WZB, Berlin, June 27, 2014.
20 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2015
Date Written: June 27, 2014
This paper assesses the apparent effect of political multiculturalism on tolerance of Muslim accommodation among native-born majority members. We do so by examining responses to a pair of survey experiments embedded in surveys conducted in Canada and the United States. Our unique contributions to the empirical literature on this topic are as follows: first, we move the focus away from general attitudes about immigration and diversity, and put it squarely on the most contentious issue: religion and religious accommodation; second, and beyond highlighting religion per se, we employ novel survey experiments to disentangle the issue of Muslim exceptionalism from other conflating factors including religious conservatism, socio-economic status, and race. In general, we find little in the way of policy effects, and substantially less tolerance of Muslim accommodation than for similar demands made by other religious groups.
Keywords: public opinion, multiculturalism, muslims, islam, ethnocentrism
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