El estatus socioeconómico como determinante de la línea de pobreza subjetiva nacional y regional, Colombia 2008. (The Socio Economic Status Determinant on the Line of National and Regional Subjective Poverty, Colombia 2008.)

38 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2015 Last revised: 23 Mar 2015

See all articles by Geovanny Castro Aristizabal

Geovanny Castro Aristizabal

Pontifical University Javeriana Cali

Santiago Londoño Jaramillo

Pontifical University Javeriana Cali

Date Written: Junio 22, 2012

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: El presente trabajo obtuvo la Línea de Pobreza Subjetiva (LPS) a nivel nacional y regional para Colombia con base en la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida 2008. Los resultados sugieren que en promedio un hogar se considera pobre si sus ingresos mensuales son inferiores a $897.295. La región con la mayor LPS es la Atlántica y la de menor es San Andrés. Exceptuando Bogotá y San Andrés, todas las regiones en Colombia presentan una LPS por encima de la línea de pobreza objetiva calculada por el Departamento Nacional de Planeación para el año 2008. Al tener en cuenta el Estatus Socio Económico (variable construida con base en la metodología Polychoric PCA), se encontró a nivel nacional y regional que en la medida que el estatus es mayor el nivel de ingreso que separa al hogar entre percibirse como pobre o no se hace menor.

Palabras Clave: Análsis y medida de la pobreza, linea de pobreza subjetiva, Método Plychoric PCA, Colombia

English Abstract: This work earned the Subjective Poverty Line -SBL- in the national and regional levels for Colombia based on the Survey Quality of Life2008. The results suggest that a household is considered poor if their monthly income is below $897.295.The region with the highest SPL is the Atlantic and the lowest San Andres. Except Bogota and San Andrés, all regions in Colombia have a higher SPL than the Objective Poverty Line calculated by the National Planning Department for 2008. Taking into account the Socio-Economic Status (variable constructed based on the methodology Polychoric PCA), was found at regional and national level, to the extent that the status is greater, the level of income that separates the home among been perceived as poor or not become lower.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Measurement and analysis of poverty, subjetive poverty line, Polychoric PCA method, Colombia

JEL Classification: I32, I39, C25, C51

Suggested Citation

Castro Aristizabal, Geovanny and Londoño Jaramillo, Santiago, El estatus socioeconómico como determinante de la línea de pobreza subjetiva nacional y regional, Colombia 2008. (The Socio Economic Status Determinant on the Line of National and Regional Subjective Poverty, Colombia 2008.) (Junio 22, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2570904 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2570904

Geovanny Castro Aristizabal (Contact Author)

Pontifical University Javeriana Cali ( email )

Cl 18 # 118-250
Cali, Valle del Cauca 000
Colombia

Santiago Londoño Jaramillo

Pontifical University Javeriana Cali ( email )

Cl 40 6-23
Bogota, CO Valle del Cauca 11001
Colombia

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