Testing for Changes in the Ses-Mortality Gradient When the Distribution of Education Changes Too

28 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2015 Last revised: 6 Mar 2015

See all articles by Thomas Goldring

Thomas Goldring

Carnegie Mellon University

Fabian Lange

McGill University

Seth Richards-Shubik

Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: February 2015

Abstract

We develop a flexible test for changes in the SES-mortality gradient over time that directly accounts for changes in the distribution of education, the most commonly used marker of SES. We implement the test for the period between 1984 and 2006 using microdata from the Census, CPS, and NHIS linked to death records. Using our flexible test, we find that the evidence for a change in the education-mortality gradient is not as strong and universal as previous research has suggested. Our results indicate that the gradient increased for females during this time period, but we cannot rule out that the gradient among males has not changed. Informally, the results suggest that the changes for females are mainly driven by the bottom of the education distribution.

Suggested Citation

Goldring, Thomas and Lange, Fabian and Richards-Shubik, Seth, Testing for Changes in the Ses-Mortality Gradient When the Distribution of Education Changes Too (February 2015). NBER Working Paper No. w20993. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2572151

Thomas Goldring (Contact Author)

Carnegie Mellon University ( email )

Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
United States

Fabian Lange

McGill University ( email )

1001 Sherbrooke St. W
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1G5
Canada

Seth Richards-Shubik

Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management ( email )

Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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