No-Haggle Agreements

20 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2015 Last revised: 11 Mar 2015

Saul Levmore

University of Chicago Law School

Ariel Porat

Tel Aviv University; University of Chicago - Law School

Date Written: March 4, 2015


Some buyers might prefer not to haggle either because they recognize that the seller they face is likely to be a superior bargainer or because it is easier to comparison shop when prices are known and do not require an investment in transaction costs. Sellers, in turn, might appeal to these buyers by promising a no-haggle environment. In some settings, sellers can go further by promising individual buyers that they will not haggle. These buyers might then engage in one round of haggling, stating a price which the seller agrees to accept or reject, with no further possibility of negotiation. Such buyers might be more confident of getting better offers from agreeable sellers. We describe why and when such a process might be attractive, and suggest a legal remedy that makes it possible. This no-haggle process might be attractive to some repeat sellers when dealing with occasional buyers, and might often be attractive to one-time sellers and buyers, as in the case of many real estate negotiations.

Keywords: contracts, bargaining, law and economics

Suggested Citation

Levmore, Saul and Porat, Ariel, No-Haggle Agreements (March 4, 2015). University of Chicago Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Research Paper No. 720. Available at SSRN: or

Saul Levmore (Contact Author)

University of Chicago Law School ( email )

1111 E. 60th St.
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-702-9590 (Phone)
773-702-0730 (Fax)

Ariel Porat

Tel Aviv University ( email )

Ramat Aviv
Tel Aviv 69978, IL
972-3-6408283 (Phone)
972-3-6407260 (Fax)


University of Chicago - Law School ( email )

1111 E. 60th St.
Chicago, IL 60637
United States


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