International Migration Opportunities and Occupational Choice: A Case Study of Philippine Nurses 2002 to 2014

40 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2015

See all articles by Mary Arends-Kuenning

Mary Arends-Kuenning

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Alvaro Calara

Independent Researcher, Philippines

Stella Go

De La Salle University

Abstract

We analyze trends in nursing education in the Philippines during a period of rising and falling demand for Philippine nurses in the developed countries. Based on focus group discussion data obtained in the Philippines, we examine students' motivations to become nurses and to what extent their choices were affected by the possibility of international migration. The number of nursing graduates rose, resulting in brain gain. However, policies promoting the migration of skilled workers such as nurses impose high costs on middle class and lower class families who invest in education hoping that a family member will be able to migrate.

Keywords: brain drain, brain gain, international nurse migration, Philippines

JEL Classification: F66, I11, J24, J44

Suggested Citation

Arends-Kuenning, Mary and Calara, Alvaro and Go, Stella, International Migration Opportunities and Occupational Choice: A Case Study of Philippine Nurses 2002 to 2014. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8881. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2575061

Mary Arends-Kuenning (Contact Author)

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ( email )

601 E John St
1301 W Gregory Drive
Urbana, IL 61801
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Alvaro Calara

Independent Researcher, Philippines

No Address Available

Stella Go

De La Salle University ( email )

2401 Taft Avenue
Manila, Metro Manila 1004
Philippines

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