The Impact of Copyright Permissions Culture on the U.S. Visual Arts Community: The Consequences of Fear of Fair Use

New Media & Society, Online First, March 10, 2015

17 Pages Posted: 8 May 2015

See all articles by Patricia Aufderheide

Patricia Aufderheide

American University - School of Communication

Tijana Milosevic

American University - School of Communication

Bryan Bello

American University - School of Communication

Date Written: March 11, 2015

Abstract

As digital opportunities emerge in the visual arts — to produce multimedia art and digital scholarship, publish online, hold online museum exhibitions — old copyright frustrations have worsened in a field where getting permissions is routine. A national survey of 2,828 visual arts professionals, combined with 100 in-depth interviews of visual arts practitioners throughout the U.S., explored how visual arts professionals use the U.S. copyright doctrine of fair use. Results showed widespread lack of confidence and misconceptions about fair use; resulting exaggerated risk assessment; personal and social relations within the community that deter reliance on fair use; and consequent delays, deformations and failure to execute mission. The 2015 creation of a fair use code of best practices may alleviate the deformations found in this survey.

Keywords: Copyright, fair use, visual arts, digital humanities, online censorship, publishing, museums, scholarship, artists, archives

Suggested Citation

Aufderheide, Patricia and Milosevic, Tijana and Bello, Bryan, The Impact of Copyright Permissions Culture on the U.S. Visual Arts Community: The Consequences of Fear of Fair Use (March 11, 2015). New Media & Society, Online First, March 10, 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2576770

Patricia Aufderheide (Contact Author)

American University - School of Communication ( email )

4400 Massachusetts Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States
202-885-2069 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://cmsimpact.org

Tijana Milosevic

American University - School of Communication ( email )

Mary Graydon Center
4400 Massachusetts Av. NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States

Bryan Bello

American University - School of Communication ( email )

Mary Graydon Center
4400 Massachusetts Av. NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
63
Abstract Views
769
rank
355,780
PlumX Metrics