Uncertain Futures in Evolving Financial Markets

62 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2015 Last revised: 26 Oct 2016

Date Written: March 12, 2015


Today’s publicly-offered investment funds, including mutual funds, have ever more diverse investment strategies, as they increasingly invest in financial instruments that, in earlier years, had been the province of only the most sophisticated investors. Although the new landscape of investment possibilities may substantially benefit retail investors, one financial instrument attracting increasing amounts of retail investors’ assets is acutely troublesome: the commodity futures contract. Futures originated as a means for farmers and other producers of agricultural commodities to ensure that their products could be sold at reasonable prices. Early on, the goals of futures regulation centered one particular risk facing futures market participants — namely, manipulative trading that destabilizes futures markets — with little emphasis on other risks, including risks to futures traders’ assets. Over the years, that goal has remained largely static.

As this Article argues, that is the problem. The many retail investors that now participate (indirectly) in the futures markets are at risk as a result of the inadequate regulation of futures commission merchants (“FCMs”), the brokerage firms that are essential for futures transactions. “Inadequate” regulation in this context, moreover, means inadequate procedural regulation — regulation aimed at protecting assets that a brokerage customer deposits with a broker for purposes of carrying out her trading activities. The weaknesses of the procedural regulation of FCMs are evident in rules governing both FCMs’ operations and the liquidation of insolvent FCMs. And the deficiencies are more than theoretical, having become all-too-evident in the wake of two recent FCM bankruptcies. Proposing tailored policymaking solutions, this Article further contends that futures regulation can become substantially more effective — and do so in a cost-effective manner that need not excessively disrupt existing regulatory approaches. These proposals would not only help protect retail investors as they navigate new investment options; they would also help fortify the promising role that futures trading has begun to play in 21st-century financial markets.

Suggested Citation

Krug, Anita K., Uncertain Futures in Evolving Financial Markets (March 12, 2015). Washington University Law Review, Vol. 96, No. 5, Pp. 1209-69 (2016) ; University of Washington School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2577502

Anita K. Krug (Contact Author)

Chicago-Kent College of Law ( email )

565 W. Adams Street
Chicago, IL 60661
United States
3129065010 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.kentlaw.iit.edu/faculty/anita-krug

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics