Credit Quality and Substitution in SME Finance

41 Pages Posted: 15 Mar 2015 Last revised: 29 Nov 2019

See all articles by Lars Norden

Lars Norden

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (EBAPE); Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças

Stefan van Kampen

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)

Manuel Illueca Muñoz

Universitat Jaume I

Date Written: November 26, 2019

Abstract

We investigate whether and how credit quality influences SMEs’ substitution of bank credit for trade credit. Using data from the five largest European countries, we find that substitution of bank credit for trade credit decreases during the financial crisis, but it decreases significantly less for ex ante low credit quality firms. We control for pre-crisis or lagged firm characteristics including size and external finance dependence, industry effects, sample selection effects and cross-country heterogeneity. We also find that low credit quality firms increase their absolute and relative trade credit usage significantly more than high credit quality firms during the financial crisis. The effects are consistent across countries and stronger for net trade credit borrowers and financially constrained firms. The evidence highlights how credit quality influences demand-side driven substitution in SME finance.

Keywords: Trade credit, bank credit, credit risk, substitution, financial crisis

JEL Classification: G20, G30, G32

Suggested Citation

Norden, Lars and van Kampen, Stefan and Illueca Muñoz, Manuel, Credit Quality and Substitution in SME Finance (November 26, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2578291 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2578291

Lars Norden

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (EBAPE) ( email )

Rua Jornalista Orlando Dantas 30
Rio de Janeiro, 22231-010
Brazil
+552130832431 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.larsnorden.de

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças ( email )

Praia de Botafogo 190/1125, CEP
Rio de Janeiro RJ 22253-900
Brazil

Stefan Van Kampen (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
Room T08-21
3000 DR Rotterdam, 3000 DR
Netherlands

Manuel Illueca Muñoz

Universitat Jaume I ( email )

Dep. Finance and Accounting
Campus del Riu Sec
Castellón de la Plana, E-12071
Spain
34964387135 (Phone)

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