From Mother to Daughter: Do Equal Inheritance Property Laws Reform Improve Female Labour Supply, Educational Attainments in India?

42 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2015

See all articles by Rahul Sapkal

Rahul Sapkal

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam Institute of Law and Economics; University of Hamburg - Institute of Law and Economics

Date Written: December 2014

Abstract

In 2005, India witnessed a constitutional amendment to the Hindu Succession Act of 1956. It gave daughters equal inheritance rights as sons. However, five states in India had earlier amended the same Act in favour of daughters. Using this exogenous variation created by legislation on inheritance property rights, I exploit a difference-in-difference estimation strategy to estimate the impact of reform on female education, labour force participation and their daughter’s educational attainment. The study finds that women who were exposed to the reform experience have greater average schooling years, and average months of labour force participation. It is interesting to note that this positive effect is also observed for their daughter’s educational attainment. Results obtained from this study are consistent with the complementary and equalising effects hypothesis.

Keywords: Inheritance Property Rights, Female Education, Labour Supply, India

JEL Classification: I21, D23, O12, J16, K00

Suggested Citation

Sapkal, Rahul, From Mother to Daughter: Do Equal Inheritance Property Laws Reform Improve Female Labour Supply, Educational Attainments in India? (December 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2580827 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2580827

Rahul Sapkal (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam Institute of Law and Economics ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
PO box 1738
Rotterdam, 3000 DR
Netherlands

University of Hamburg - Institute of Law and Economics ( email )

Johnsallee 35
Hamburg, 20148
Germany

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