Political Parties, Supply-Side Strategies and Firms: The Political Micro-Economy of Partisan Politics

Journal of Politics 76(3): 725-739, 2014

Posted: 21 Mar 2015

See all articles by Isa Camyar

Isa Camyar

University of Pennsylvania

Date Written: 2014

Abstract

This research examines the economic impact of partisan politics at a level that has been neglected in prior research: the firm level. Specifically, I investigate the impact of partisan supply-side policies on firm performance and firm heterogeneity in experience of this impact. I claim that parties’ supply-side strategies (the interventionist strategy of left-wing parties and the market-oriented strategy of right-wing parties) have conflicting implications for the productivity and cost of economic factors at the disposal of firms. My empirics employ firm-level data from 21 advanced industrial democracies for the period extending from 1989 to 2008. The results are counterintuitive and, in some ways, even provocative. I find that (a) firms perform better under left-oriented governments compared to right-oriented governments, suggesting that the interventionist strategy of left-wing parties helps firms better than the market-oriented strategy of right-wing parties; and (b) there is considerable firm heterogeneity in exposure to partisan supply-side strategies.

Keywords: Partisan Business Cycle, Supply-Side Strategy, Firm Profitability, Firm Heterogeneity, Political Micro-Economy

JEL Classification: E3, H1, H2, H4, H5, O51, 052, P16, D2

Suggested Citation

Camyar, Isa, Political Parties, Supply-Side Strategies and Firms: The Political Micro-Economy of Partisan Politics (2014). Journal of Politics 76(3): 725-739, 2014, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2581332

Isa Camyar (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

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