Development of Law Relating to Factories in India
BRICS Law Journal, Forthcoming
18 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2015 Last revised: 26 Feb 2016
Date Written: Feb 15, 2016
The rapid growth of industrial town and factories has paved the way to develop our industrial legislation accordingly. The Government of India never expressed their interest in framing separate legislation vis-à-vis factories which resulted in implementation of the same statute which was enacted pre- independence. It was done by virtue of Art. 372 of the Constitution of India. However, the Constitutional Lawmakers created vacuum for the implementation of new statute in accordance with the demand of society by inserting scope under the Directive Principles of State Policies. However, in the 65 years history of Indian republic, there are unprecedented developments of law relating to factories in India.
The Government of India, with the adoption of existed statute, made an effort to incorporate the welfare legislation but it never developed along with the change in time. It is significant to note that As far as existing statutes are concerned, the development is an effect of judicial pronouncement or some tragic incident like Bhopal Gas Tragedy. This Research paper succinctly describes the history of factory legislation, the constitutional validity of the previous statute and necessary amendment which have already been done and/ or on the verge of being amended. It will further discuss contribution of judiciary in developing the law relating to factories, scope of Industrial Jurisprudence in promoting the development of factory legislation. The primary focus of the research project is to reflect upon the areas where factory legislation has developed, so that proper yardstick could be made in order to put emphasis on those areas which have been remained untouched.
Keywords: Factory, Development, Contribution, Jurisprudence, Legislation
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