Corporate Social Responsibility and the State: Framework for Understanding State Control over CSR in Mining Industries in Africa
Posted: 23 Mar 2015 Last revised: 6 Nov 2015
Date Written: 2015
When dealing with extractive industries it is often impossible to clearly separate private sector activities from state or political activities. In developing countries this can become even more evident. The same is true for the corporate social responsibility (CSR) processes and practices in extractive industries. This article outlines a framework capturing state influences on CSR with particular attention to mining industries in Africa. It theorizes that the state can exert control over the CSR process in two different ways, (1) the extent of regulation requiring companies to carryout CSR where they are operating and (2) the extent of State ownership (private, partnership or full) in the company. The combination of these two factors will also affect the CSR process in different ways. The various effects of state control on the CSR process are then examined using fieldwork and CSR spending data collected from mining operations in Botswana and South Africa.
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