Mood, Firm Behavior, and Aggregate Economic Outcomes
66 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2015 Last revised: 21 Jun 2019
Date Written: July 18, 2017
This study examines whether mood affects the aggregate state-level macroeconomy through its impact on firm-level decisions. Using sky cloud cover as a proxy for mood, we show that mood affects the economic expectations of small business managers. After relatively sunnier periods, managers have more optimistic expectations, and the component of their expectations related to mood influences hiring and investment decisions. Consequently, mood affects state-level job creation and new business starts, especially during periods of greater economic uncertainty. These results suggest that mood-induced economic expectations influence firm-level managerial decisions and state-level macroeconomic fluctuations.
Keywords: Cloud cover, mood, small business managers, firm investment behavior, managerial optimism, state-level business cycles
JEL Classification: G30, E32, E44
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation