Heaven's Swing Door: Endogenous Skills, Migration Networks, and the Effectiveness of Quality‐Selective Immigration Policies

27 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2015

See all articles by Simone Bertoli

Simone Bertoli

University of Auvergne; CERDI

Hillel Rapoport

Paris School of Economics (PSE)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 2015

Abstract

A growing number of OECD countries are leaning toward the adoption of selective immigration policies, which are expected to raise the quality (or education level) of migrants. This view neglects two important dynamic effects: the role of migration networks, which could reduce the quality of migrants, and the responsiveness of education decisions to the prospect of migration. We propose a model of self‐selection into migration with endogenous education choices, which predicts that migration networks and the quality of migrants can be positively associated when destination countries adopt sufficiently selective immigration policies. Empirical evidence, presented as background motivation, suggests that this is indeed the case.

Keywords: Brain drain, discrete choice models, migration, self‐selection

JEL Classification: F22, J61, O15

Suggested Citation

Bertoli, Simone and Rapoport, Hillel, Heaven's Swing Door: Endogenous Skills, Migration Networks, and the Effectiveness of Quality‐Selective Immigration Policies (April 2015). The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 117, Issue 2, pp. 565-591, 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2584764 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjoe.12095

Simone Bertoli (Contact Author)

University of Auvergne ( email )

49 Boulevard François Mitterrand
Clermont-Ferrand, Auvergne 63000
France

CERDI ( email )

65 Boulevard Francois Mitterrand
63000 Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 1
France

Hillel Rapoport

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France

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