Learner–Centered Management Education: A Study of Inductive Teaching and Learning Methods
9 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2015
Date Written: March 25, 2015
There is a great revolution taking place in the field of education. It covers the social issues, the culture of the classroom, life-long learning concerns, and perhaps both last and least, technology advancement. Inductive method of teaching and learning is an umbrella term that includes a range of instructional methods. They are all learner-centered or student-centered, because they impose more responsibility on students for their own learning than the traditional classroom lecture-based deductive approach does. They can all be characterized as constructivist methods, building on the widely accepted principle that students construct their own versions of reality rather than simply absorbing versions taught by their teachers. This study reviews most commonly used inductive teaching methods, including inquiry learning, problem- based learning, project-based learning, case-based teaching, discovery learning, and just-in-time teaching. The paper defines each method, highlights common features and specific differences, and reviews research on the most effectiveness of the methods. While the strength of the evidence varies from one method to another, inductive methods are consistently found to be equal to, and in general more effective than our traditional teaching methods for achieving a broad range of learning outcomes.
Keywords: Pedagogy, Deductive approach, Inductive teaching, Student-centered, Learner-centered, Traditional teaching
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