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The Puzzle of Selectivity in Fighting Discrimination: A Public Choice Approach

24 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2015 Last revised: 6 Sep 2017

Konstantin Moshe Yanovskiy

Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy

Sergei Zhavoronkov

Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy

Ilia Zatcovetsky

Samuel Neaman Institute for Advanced Studies in Science and Technology

Date Written: March 25, 2015

Abstract

Advocates of the war against discrimination and affirmative action claim it is necessary to set up additional regulatory procedures that will defend interests of minorities who, previously, were not given enough chances to succeed. Because there is no set definition of a minority who suffered from discrimination in the past (Historically Excluded Groups [HEGs] consider all women to be a minority), law-enforcement practices are to a large degree dependent on precedence (judicial authorities) as well as the behavior of bureaucrats who have the authority to defend people against discrimination. Incentives and the true criteria for choosing minorities will be analyzed in this report.

There are practices in the USA and Israel, as well as statistics of EEOC practices (a committee on equal rights in hiring, that is a kind of specialized public prosecution office) supporting the hypothesis that the main anti-discriminatory activity aims to mobilize groups who traditionally voted against a limited government, to vote for a nanny state that provides cradle to grave care.

Keywords: historically excluded groups, pure public goods, discrimination, Limited Government

JEL Classification: D72, D73, J15, K31

Suggested Citation

Yanovskiy, Konstantin Moshe and Zhavoronkov, Sergei and Zatcovetsky, Ilia, The Puzzle of Selectivity in Fighting Discrimination: A Public Choice Approach (March 25, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2585281 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2585281

Konstantin Yanovskiy (Contact Author)

Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy ( email )

Gazetny pereulok, 3-5
Moscow, 125993
Russia

Sergei Zhavoronkov

Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy ( email )

3-5 Gazetny Lane
Moscow, 125009
Russia

Ilia Zatcovetsky

Samuel Neaman Institute for Advanced Studies in Science and Technology ( email )

Technion, Haifa 32000
Israel

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