Coopetition: A Systematic Review, Synthesis, and Future Research Directions

Review of Managerial Science, July 2015, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp. 577-601.

34 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2015 Last revised: 17 Oct 2016

Ricarda B. Bouncken

Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU) - Planning and Innovation Management

Johanna Gast

Montpellier Business School

Sascha Kraus

Liechtenstein University

Marcel Bogers

University of Copenhagen - Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO)

Date Written: March 11, 2015

Abstract

Coopetition describes an interorganizational relationship that combines "cooperation" and "competition". During recent years, coopetition has become an important domain for industrial practice which has led to an increasing rate of publications in academic journals. Despite the growing interest, coopetition research is still fragmented, reflected by divergent uses of the coopetition concept, a lack of generalizability, and a limited contextual focus. This article presents a systematic literature review and a synthesis of high-quality contributions in this field with a focus on a general overview of research on coopetition, coopetition as a strategy, and the management of coopetition. By critically evaluating the current body of literature and definitions and connecting it to other promising domains, we develop a new definition of coopetition and highlight several promising areas for future research, such as the elaboration of theoretical and empirical approaches, the consideration of contextual contingencies, and implications for innovation that involves interorganizational knowledge flow.

Keywords: Coopetition, cooperation and competition, interorganizational relationships, systematic review, state-of-the-art

JEL Classification: D23, L14, M20

Suggested Citation

Bouncken, Ricarda B. and Gast, Johanna and Kraus, Sascha and Bogers, Marcel, Coopetition: A Systematic Review, Synthesis, and Future Research Directions (March 11, 2015). Review of Managerial Science, July 2015, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp. 577-601.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2585934

Ricarda B. Bouncken

Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU) - Planning and Innovation Management ( email )

Universit├Ąt Cottbus Postfach 101344
03013 Cottbus
Germany

Johanna Gast

Montpellier Business School ( email )

2300 Avenue des Moulins
Montpellier, 34080
France

Sascha Kraus

Liechtenstein University ( email )

Vaduz, FL-9490
Netherlands

Marcel Bogers (Contact Author)

University of Copenhagen - Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO) ( email )

Unit for Innovation, Entrepreneurship & Management
Rolighedsvej 25
Copenhagen, 1958
Denmark

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