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Immigration and Wage Dynamics: Evidence from the Mexican Peso Crisis

60 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2015  

Joan Monras

Sciences Po - Department of Economics; Centre for Monetary and Financial Studies (CEMFI)

Abstract

How does the US labor market absorb low-skilled immigration? I address this question using the 1995 Mexican Peso Crisis, an exogenous push factor that raised Mexican migration to the US. In the short run, high-immigration states see their low-skilled labor force increase and native low-skilled wages decrease, with an implied local labor demand elasticity of -.7. Internal relocation dissipates this shock spatially. In the long run, the only lasting consequences are for low-skilled natives who entered the labor force in high-immigration years. A simple quantitative many-region model allows me to obtain the counterfactual local wage evolution absent the immigration shock.

Keywords: international and internal migration, local shocks, local labor demand elasticity

JEL Classification: F22, J20, J30

Suggested Citation

Monras, Joan, Immigration and Wage Dynamics: Evidence from the Mexican Peso Crisis. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8924. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2586427

Joan Monras (Contact Author)

Sciences Po - Department of Economics ( email )

28, rue des Saints peres
Paris, 75007
France

Centre for Monetary and Financial Studies (CEMFI) ( email )

Casado del Alisal 5
28014 Madrid
Spain

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