What Drives the Disintegration of the Loan Origination Value Chain in the Banking Business
Business Process Management Journal, Vol. 21 Iss: 2, pp.288 - 311 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/BPMJ-02-2014-0017
Posted: 29 Mar 2015
Date Written: April 7, 2015
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the vertical disintegration of the bank loan origination value chain. This paper conducts a study on the credit information market from the perspective of the bank’s decision to vertically disintegrate the loan origination value chain. The main aim is to identify the relevant drivers of the decision to vertically disintegrate the credit assessment phase in the lending business.
Transaction cost economics and information asymmetry are the typical perspectives of analysis of the vertical scope of business value chains. This paper argues that in order to capture the drivers underlying the dynamic evolution of the vertical scope of bank loan origination business models, the above perspectives must be combined and integrated further with a resource-based view and the modularity perspective. Combining managerial and financial perspectives, this paper offers an examination of the drivers of vertical disintegration in the lending value chain and, specifically, in the credit assessment phase.
Although the existence of substantial research on value chain vertical integration/disintegration in the literature, none has directly focused on the credit assessment value chain. It leaves a gap that the paper aims to overcome. The value chain disintegration has deep managerial and financial implications at firm and industry levels, and the comprehension of the rational underlying it is critical to maintaining competitive business model configurations in the bank lending industry.
Keywords: Lending, Value chain, Information sharing, Vertical scope, Banking, Credit information.
JEL Classification: G01, G20, G21, M10, M15.
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