Geographical Indications, Food Safety, and Sustainability: Conflicts and Synergies
Bio-based and Applied Economics, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2016
18 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2015 Last revised: 18 Jan 2017
Date Written: March 29, 2015
This paper examines the legal and policy relationships amongst international standards for GIs, food safety requirements, and voluntary claims related to a food’s attributes. The paper addresses those relationships within the context of international trade agreements protecting GIs, such as the 1994 TRIPS Agreement, the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), and the chapter on intellectual property and geographical indications in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) currently under negotiation. Trade agreements also discipline food safety measures and non-GI indications of quality or safety such as “organic” and “GMO-free.” Accordingly, the paper also considers the extent to which international trade agreements such as the WTO Agreements on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards (SPS Agreement) and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) might interact with the analysis.
JEL Classification: L66, Q18, F13, F18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation