Bottom Up or Rock Bottom Harmonization? Francovich State Liability in National Courts
66 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2015
Date Written: 2015
The Working Paper presents the first results of a research project on the application of Francovich State liability by national courts. The project is supervised by Prof. Hans-W. Micklitz (EUI) and Prof. Takis Tridimas (KCL). Research has been undertaken in ten Member States to identify all cases in which State liability on the basis of the Francovich criteria was claimed in national courts. For each case researchers were asked to complete a case sheet. Finally, they were asked to write a short report with the results for their Member State. The conclusion analyses some of the trends. It is clear that, while national courts have not opposed the application of the conditions for Francovich State liability, they are still struggling to integrate these conditions in their national laws on State liability. The result can only be described as something of a hybrid, which requires further analysis in the future. It is hoped that this Working Paper will provide a sound basis for further research.
Keywords: Francovich; State liability; Hybridisation; Relationship national courts - CJEU
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